Best Things You Should Know About Mount Everest - Seven Wonders

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Mount Everest, is the highest mountain on Earth, as measured by the height of its summit above sea level, which is 8,848 metres (29,029 feet). The mountain, which is part of the Himalaya range in High Asia, is located on the border between Sagarmatha Zone, Nepal, and Tibet, China. The Mount Everest is one of the seven natural wonders of the world and one of the seven wonders.

In 1856, the Great Trigonometric Survey of India established the first published height of Everest at 29,002 ft (8,840 m), although at the time Everest was known as Peak X V. In 1865, Everest was given its official English name by the Royal Geographical Society upon recommendation of Andrew Waugh, the British Surveyor General of India at the time. Waugh was unable to propose an established local name due to Nepal and Tibet being closed to foreigners at the time, although Chomolungma had been in common use by Tibetans for centuries.

The highest mountain in the world attracts climbers of all levels, from well experienced mountaineers to novice climbers willing to pay substantial sums to professional mountain guides to complete a successful climb. By the end of the 2007 climbing season, there had been 3,679 ascents to the summit by 2,436 individuals.

Everest has claimed 210 lives, including 15 who perished during a 1996 storm high on the mountain. Conditions are so diffcult in the death zone that most corpses have been left where they fell, some of which are visible from standard climbing routes. In 1856, Andrew Waugh announced Everest (then known as Peak X V) as 29,002 feet (8,840 meters) high, after several years of calculations based on observations made by the Great Trigonometric Survey.

More recently, the mountain has been found to be 8,848 metres (29,029 ft) high, although there is some variation in the measurements. On 9 October 2005, after several months of measurement and calculation, the PRC's State Bureau of Surveying and Mapping offcially announced the Height of Everest as 8,844.43 meters. They claimed it was the most accurate and precise measurement to date. This height is based on the actual highest point of rock and not on the snow and ice covering it. 

The Chinese team also measured a snow/ice depth of 3.5 m, which is in agreement with a net elevation of 8,848 meters. The snow and ice thickness varies over time, making a definitive height of the snow cap impossible to determine.

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