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Empire State Building - One of the Seven Wonders of the World

The Empire State Building is a 102 story Art Deco skyscraper in New York City at the intersection of Fifth Avenue and West 34th Street. Its name is derived from the nickname for the state of New York. It stood as the world's tallest building for more than forty years, from its completion in 1931 until construction of the World Trade Centre's North Tower was completed in 1972. Following the destruction of the World Trade Centre in 2001, the Empire State Building again became the tallest building in New York City. The Empire State Building Lights is one of the seven wonders ot the modern world and one of the wonders of the world.

The Empire State Building has been named by the American Society of Civil Engineers as one of the Seven Wonders of the Modern World. It was designated as a National Historic Landmark in 1986. In 2007 , it was ranked number one on the List of America's Favourite Architecture according to the AIA.

Excavation of the site began on January 22, 1930, and construction on the building itself started symbolically on March 17 St.Patrick's Day per A1 Smith's influence as Empire State, Inc. president. The project involved 3,400 workers, mostly immigrants from Europe, along with hundreds of Mohawk iron workers, many from the Kahnawake reserve near Montreal. According to official accounts, five workers died during the construction.

The Empire State Building rises to 1,250 feet at the 102nd floor, and including the 203-foot (62 m) pinnacle, its full height reaches 1,453 feet and inches. The building has 85 stories of commercial and office space representing 2,158,000 square feet. It has an indoor and outdoor observation deck on the 86th floor. The remaining 16 stories represent the Art Deco tower, which is capped by a 102 floor observatory. Atop the tower is the 203 feet pinnacle, much of which is covered by broadcast antennas, with a lightning rod at the very top.

The Empire State Building was the first building to have more than 100 floors. It has 6,500 windows and 73 elevators, and there are 1,860 steps from street level to the 102 floor. It has a total floor area of 2,768,591 square feet; the base of the Empire State Building is about 2 acres.