Krakatoa Island - Location, Eruption, & Facts

Post a Comment
Krakatoa (Indonesian name: Krakatau, Portuguese name: Krakatao) is a volcanic island in the Sunda Strait between Java and Sumatra in Indonesia. It has erupted repetitively massively and with devastating consequences throughout recorded history. The best known eruption occurred in a chain of huge explosions on August 26-27, 1883. Several years of regional seismicity resulted in the famous caldera-forming eruption of August 1883. The Krakatoa Island is one of the seven forgotten natural wonders of the world and one of the seven wonders.

The 1883 eruption threw away more than 25 cubic kilometres of rock, ash, and pumice and generated the loudest sound ever historically reported the cataclysmic explosion was distinctly heard as far away as Perth in Australia. Near Krakatoa, according to estimated records, 165 villages and towns were ruined and 132 seriously damaged, at least 36,417 people died, and many thousands were injured by the eruption, mostly in the tsunamis which followed the explosion.

The eruption produced erratic weather and spectacular sunsets throughout the world for many months afterwards, as a result of sunlight reflected from suspended dust particles ejected by the volcano high into Earth 's atmosphere. It has been described as one of the deadliest eruptions of the world.

Recent eruptions of Krakatoa have been at Anak Krakatau, an island that emerged in 1927. One tourist was killed and five more injured by an explosion at Anak Krakatau in 1993. Anak Krakatau is undergoing relatively dormant periods, lasting at least a couple days, punctuated by periods of nearly continuous eruption. After having 44 years rest, the child of Krakatoa appeared in December 1927 and it is expanding until now. Now the child of Krakatoa has reached approximately 200 m above sea level with the diametre of 2 kilometres.

The way to reach there is from Canti located in Kalianda. After about an hour's driving from Bandar Lampung, the boats take the tourists to the Krakatoa area. Ancient Krakatoa was estimated 2,000 metres in height and radius of 9 kms.

Its great eruption happened in pre history in 416 as documented in the ancient Javanese book "Pustaka Raja", and left 3 islands safe i.e. Rakata, Sertung and Panjang Islands.

Related Posts

Post a Comment

Subscribe Our Newsletter